The National Institute of Space Research (Inpe) has recently published a statistics that indicates an increase of 84% in fires in Brazil, and the most affected states are: Amazonas, Mato Grosso and Rondônia.
The Amazon is the largest rainforest in the world, and may be home to a quarter of the Earth’s land-bound species. If it keeps burning, it’s likely to turn into a completely different ecosystem, with fewer trees and different species of plants and animals. Many trees will die, and animals will lose their habitat – some species might disappear from the area entirely.
While the Amazon fires aren’t going to deplete the Earth’s supply of oxygen, they will release large amounts of carbon dioxide (CO₂) into the atmosphere. For example, when just 0.2% of the Amazon burned in 2016, it released 30m tons of CO₂ – that’s almost as much as Denmark emitted in 2018.
Environmentalists blame agriculture policy of President Jair Bolsonaro (local farmers deforest to obtain agricultural sites), and in turn, the president blames ONG for caring the fire. He acknowledges, however, that he doesn’t have any proof, and Brazil does not have the necessary resources to stop the fires.
More than 72,843 fires were reported this year in Brazil, more than half in the Amazon region, according to the National Institute of Space Research, monitoring by satellite images.